The Botanical Garden of Barcelona (JBB, its acronym in Catalan) extends over 14 hectares and is located in the Botanical Institute of Barcelona (IBB-CSIC, its acronym in Spanish), a mixed centre that belongs to the CSIC and the Barcelona City Council.
It currently hosts the legacy of a long tradition of gardens designed with the aim of studying, maintaining and preserving plant species. A space that’s specialised in showing the biodiversity of the Mediterranean vegetation. It helps locate dozens of species that can be found in all the city’s gardens in the right geographical context. They’re plants that have adapted perfectly to the mild climate, even though they belong to other latitudes.
The Botanical Garden, in keeping with the times and obeying scientific and sustainability criteria, has stopped collecting exotic plants and botanical rarities that were typical of natural science cabinets of the 18th and 19th centuries, and has evolved towards a more scientific proposal that follows sustainability criteria.
Its collections are focused on plants from the Mediterranean regions around the world. This vegetation is linked to the Mediterranean climate, which is characterised by a long dry summer, mild winters and rain in the spring and autumn. This climate can only be found in about 5% of the world but in 5 different regions in which plants had a specific adaptive evolution that produced similar landscapes, so plants are grouped according to the five Mediterranean regions in the world.
The paths guide visitors from area to area, starting with the Canary Islands located at the entrance and proceeding to the western Mediterranean, distinguishable because of the Botanical Institute, which stands out. From the Northern Hemisphere, the most predominant area is the Mediterranean Basin. The path then takes visitors to the Californian coasts that have a Mediterranean climate.
Then there are the Mediterranean areas of the Southern Hemisphere where visitors can see the Mediterranean region of Chile, southern Africa and the two Mediterranean regions in southern Australia (SE and S).