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Casa Milà, Antoni Gaudí’s Modernist building

Casa Milà, Antoni Gaudí’s Modernist Building

Popularly known as La Pedrera in Spanish Catalan (The Stone Quarry), Casa Milà is a Modernist building by architect Antoni Gaudí, constructed between 1906 and 1910, and located in the heart of the Barcelona district of Eixample, at 92 Passeig de Gràcia. Since 2013, this world-famous building has been the property of the Catalunya-La Pedrera Foundation, which is in charge of organising the building’s exhibitions, activities and visits.

The building was conceived when Gaudí was at the height of his  creativity, during the architect’s naturalist period (first decade of the 20th century), a time when he was perfecting his own style, inspired by the organic forms of nature. It consists of six floors structured around two interior courtyards, one circular and the other oval, plus a basement, an attic and a roof terrace.

The structure is divided into two separate houses, each with its own main entrance and inner courtyard, which are connected only by the façade, the ground floor and the roof. Interestingly, the building has three façades, in Passeig de Gràcia, in Carrer Provença and a third which joins the other two. All three are curved and undulating, evoking imagery of rock shaped by the waves of the sea.

The building also has 33 wrought iron balconies that resemble seaweed, giving the overall impression that the entire structure is almost like one gigantic sculpture. The interior design conveys the same rhythm as the exterior. The building is crowned by a roof terrace, with staircase exits, chimneys and ventilation towers, which due to their original shapes and designs, create the illusion of an authentic garden of sculptures.

 

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