The Natural Science Museum of Barcelona has five locations in the city: Museu de Ciències Naturals, at Forum Park; Jardí Botànic and Jardí Botànic Històric, at Montjuïc Park; and Museu Martorell and Laboratori de Natura (Castell dels Tres Dragons), at Ciutadella Park.
The Natural Science Museum of Barcelona has been around for more than 140 years and has more than three million samples in its natural heritage collections in the fields of mineralogy, petrology, palaeontology, zoology and botany. Its archives have grown year after year, through specimens received as donations from individuals, through agreements with the Barcelona Zoo and natural parks of Catalonia, and through the museum’s own research.
The museum’s mission statement is in line with the Buffon Declaration, signed in 2007 by 93 natural history institutions (museums, research institutes, botanical gardens, zoos, etc.) in 36 countries on all continents. It states that science is vital for the sustainable management of biodiversity and ecosystems, and thus for the survival of the human race on this planet.
The Natural Science Museum of Barcelona is housed in different buildings located in three strategic areas of the city: Ciutadella Park, Montjuïc Park and the Forum Park.
The first of these sites is home to Museu Martorell (Martorell Museum) and Laboratori de Natura (Nature Laboratory), and Montjuïc is home to the Jardí Botànic (Botanical Garden) and the Jardí Botànic Històric (Historic Botanical Garden). The Museu de Ciències Naturals (Natural Science Museum of Barcelona) is located at Forum Park and houses the facilities mainly used for public programmes: exhibitions, workshops, conferences, media resource centre, etc.
Museu de Ciències Naturals (previously known as the Blue Museum): used for the museum’s public programmes. Permanent exhibition “Planet Life”. It hosts temporary exhibitions, features an events hall, classrooms, a space for children 0-6 (the Science nest), workshops and a media resource centre.
Museu Martorell: historical headquarters. In the future, this location will be home to a permanent exhibition called “A not-so-natural history: The public and the natural sciences, from cabinets to museums”. It will be a place to reflect on and learn about the history of science culture in the city of Barcelona. There is also a space focusing on Ciutadella Park.
Laboratori de Natura: Scientific headquarters since 2010, in the Castell dels Tres Dragons building. Previously the Museu de Zoologia de Barcelona (Zoology Museum of Barcelona), since 2010 this space has been used for research, study and conservation of the museum collections. A documentary centre, specialised library and sound library, Natura Sonora, are also being created here.
Jardí Botànic de Barcelona: Botanical headquarters, activities and public exhibitions. Benchmark centre for preserving Mediterranean flora. Collection of live plants and seeds. The various gardens recreate natural ecosystems in areas of the world with a Mediterranean climate.